Turkey is a country of collective amnesia. Our historical consciousness is scant and therefore we cannot learn lessons from history. The past is important. You should not be trapped in it. But you shouldn’t be ignorant of it either. In my novels, I try to incorporate memory with story. I do this in two ways: by using old (and new) words. I am fond of Ottoman words, Sufi words . . . and the themes I deal with. Literature is an attempt to bring back memory and responsibility and understanding and empathy.